Farmer and adviser check feed quality at the feed table
Dogs eat dog food from deuka dog bowl (© Deutsche Tiernahrung Cremer)
Consultation in winter garden between advisor and farmer

Raw material and nutrient lexicon

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Pea

The pea is an annual, fast-growing, mass-growing and protein-rich legume and has a taproot and secondary roots colonised with numerous nodule bacteria. Pisum sativum L. is divided into several subspecies, with the seed peas(Pisum sativum ssp. sativum) and the forage peas(Pisum sativum ssp. arvense) standing out. Forage pea is used for feeding. In animal nutrition, both the crude protein content(approx. 23 %) and the starch content(approx. 41 %) are important. When using fodder pea, the comparatively low content of sulphur-containing amino acids, especially methionine, must be taken into account. The methionine content of the feed formula is supplemented accordingly via other protein components such as soya meal or by adding pure methionine according to the requirements of the animal species to be supplied. Peas are mainly used in recipes for fattening pigs and poultry.

Pea

Ingredients

Content
(per kg original substance
)

 

Dry matter, g/kg

870,00

Crude protein, g/kg

220,00

Lysine, g/kg

15,50

Methionine, g/kg

2,80

Methionine
Cystine, g/kg

5,30

Threonine, g/kg

8,20

Tryptophan, g/kg

2,00

UDP, %of
crude protein

15,00

nXP, g/kg

161,60

RNB, g/kg

9,35

Crude fibre, g/kg

58,00

Crude fat, g/kg

13,00

Sugar, g/kg

52,00

Starch, g/kg

420,00

Starch resistance
, %

24,00

resistant starch
(bXS), g/kg

100,80

NDForg, g/kg

104,40

ADForg, g/kg

69,60

NFC, g/kg

504,60

Structural value
(SW), /kg

0,07

Crude ash, g/kg

32,20

ME, MJ/kg
(pig)

13,70

ME, MJ/kg
(poultry)

10,90

ME, MJ/kg
(beef)

11,70

NEL, MJ/kg

7,40

Calcium, g/kg

0,90

Phosphorus, g/kg

4,10

digestible phosphorus
, g/kg
(pig)
 

1,85

Sodium, g/kg

0,20

Sources: DLG feed value tables for pigs; DLG feed value tables for ruminants; Rechenmeister 2000 (Landwirtschaftskammer Westfalen-Lippe); CVB Veevoedertabel; DLG-Information 2/2001 "Structural and carbohydrate supply of the dairy cow"